Birthdate: March 26, 1940
Birth Place: Baltimore, MD, United States
Residence: San Francisco, CA
Religion: Roman Catholic
First Elected: 1987
District: District 12
Nancy Pelosi was born in Baltimore and now resides in San Francisco. She earned a bachelor's from Trinity College.
Pelosi's father, Thomas D'Alesandro Jr., represented Maryland in the U.S. House for five terms.
Pelosi served on the San Francisco Library Commission. She was leader of the Northern California Democratic Party from 1977 to 1981, and leader of the California Democratic Party from 1981 to 1983. She helped bring the Democratic National Convention to San Francisco in 1984.
She was a leader of the 1986 national Democratic effort to raise funds for U.S. Senate candidates.
Pelosi joined the U.S. House after winning a June 1987 special election. She made history in 2007 when she became the first woman elected speaker of the House.
She was demoted to minority leader in 2010, when Republicans gained control of the House.
Pelosi and her husband, Paul, have five children.
Nancy Pelosi, who lost her position as House Speaker in 2010 amid a Republican surge, is running in 2012 for her 14th term in office in Northern California's newly created 12th Congressional District.
The House Minority Leader, who pushed for the passage of the 2010 health care reform bill, scored a victory in June 2012 when the Supreme Court upheld the individual health care mandate that's at the heart of the bill.
When prospects for the bill looked bleak, it was Pelosi who refused to consider feelers from the White House and others to reduce the size and scope of the bill.
Pelosi told her close friend and fellow Californian George Miller that the court's decision was "a great victory."
"You bet your ass" it is, Miller responded, according to her office.
"I did," Pelosi is said to have replied.
She was the first woman to lead either party on Capitol Hill. She became part of the congressional leadership in 2001 as her party's whip and she was elected House minority leader after the November 2002 elections.
In 2007 Pelosi made history when she became the first woman elected speaker of the House. She took over a bitterly divided Congress and was praised for her ability to unite the Democratic caucus.
She was able to accomplish several key goals as a part of her initial agenda, including raising the minimum wage, lowering interest rates on student loans, adopting House ethics reforms and tightening security at seaports and airports.
But she failed to reach achieve her biggest goal: pulling U.S. troops out of Iraq. The House passed several bills setting a timetable for troop withdrawal only to see them fail in the Senate, where Democrats held a thin edge over Republicans.
She helped give newly elected President Barack Obama an early victory on health care in 2009 as Congress approved additional spending for the Children's Health Insurance Program.
Pelosi made little effort to reach out to Republicans during the crafting of the 2009 economic stimulus bill and, in the end, not one GOP representative voted for the approximately $800 billion measure.
During the 2010 general elections, Republicans spent millions of dollars to attack Pelosi as the face of government overreach on health care, the economy and more _ and it worked. Voters flipped control of the House from Democratic to Republican and Pelosi relinquished the gavel to now-Speaker John Boehner.
Pelosi is an outspoken proponent of abortion rights and funding for HIV/AIDS research. She also has focused on unemployment insurance, workers' rights and job creation.
But Pelosi is not her father's New Deal Democrat. She has voted against organized labor, supporting the North American Free Trade Agreement to the chagrin of the San Francisco Labor Council.
Source: Associated Press