Cardinals seated in St. Peter's Basilica as they attend the solemn opening ceremony of the second session of the Ecumenical Council , Sept. 29, 1963.  Top row, left to right: Cardinal Jose Humberto Quintero, Archbishop of Caracas; Cardinal Joseph Elmer Ritter, Archbishop of Saint Louis, Missouri; Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, Bishop of Bukoba, Tanganyika.  Middle row:  Cardinal Julius Doepfner of Munich And Freisling; Cardinal Jose M. Bueno y Monreal, Archbishop of Seville. Bottom row:  Cardinal Paul Emile Leger, Archbishop of Montreal; Cardinal Giuseppe Ferretto, Italian member of the Vatican Curia; and Cardinal Valerian Gracias, Archbishop of Bombay, India.  (AP Photo)

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Cardinals seated in St. Peter's Basilica as they attend the solemn opening ceremony of the second session of the Ecumenical Council , Sept. 29, 1963. Top row, left to right: Cardinal Jose Humberto Quintero, Archbishop of Caracas; Cardinal Joseph Elmer Ritter, Archbishop of Saint Louis, Missouri; Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, Bishop of Bukoba, Tanganyika. Middle row: Cardinal Julius Doepfner of Munich And Freisling; Cardinal Jose M. Bueno y Monreal, Archbishop of Seville. Bottom row: Cardinal Paul Emile Leger, Archbishop of Montreal; Cardinal Giuseppe Ferretto, Italian member of the Vatican Curia; and Cardinal Valerian Gracias, Archbishop of Bombay, India. (AP Photo)