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AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE/GETTY IMAGES Russian President Dmitry Medvedev (above right) meets with Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and the Security Council (unseen) in Sochi on Aug. 26. At right: Missiles and tanks are on display during a weapons fair in Moscow on Aug. 20. During his two terms as president, Mr. Putin reportedly felt frustrated in the goal of modernizing and streamlining the Russian military, which will be undertaken with increased funding over the next three years.

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