- The Washington Times - Friday, August 10, 2001

Who is Red Crack?
The U.S. intelligence community has been tasked to find a Chinese hacker who goes by the name of Red Crack. All intelligence services, including the CIA, Defense Intelligence Agency, and especially the National Security Agency, have launched major searches for the elusive computer hacker. The order came from senior Bush administration national security officials.
According to Internet security specialists, Red Crack took part in what has been termed "Cyberwars." The wars erupted between U.S. and Chinese hacker communities over the April 1 collision between a U.S. EP-3E surveillance aircraft and a Chinese F-8.
Red Crack is believed to be behind a computer break-in at the Web site belonging to the Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station in Washington. The hacker left a message in both Chinese and English saying "Beat down Imperialism of USA," "Strongly protest against the hegemonication of USA on encroaching upon China's territorial integrity and sovereignty!" along with a profanity we can't repeat.
During the spring U.S.-China hacker wars, at least two Chinese hacker groups, China Eagle and Red Guest, joined forces to "overthrow all the hegemonies of the world."
A computer security specialist who tracks Chinese hackers told us it is unlikely that Red Crack is linked to the notorious Code Red worm that propagated on hundreds of thousands of computers over recent weeks.
That worm left a message that stated "Welcome to https://www.worm.com! Hacked by Chinese!"
This specialist said Red Crack is also known as Red Crackz and has a reputation among hackers as a "Warez Puppy" — a hacker who can break purchased software and use it without having to pay for it. Chinese officials denied the malicious code originated in their country. But the fact that the worm did not appear in China has raised suspicions that it was produced by Chinese hackers.

Revolt of the generals
A senior Bush administration official tells us the carping from generals and admirals about the ongoing defense review is the result of "eight years of no discipline" during the Clinton-run Pentagon.
"If you think of a generation of officers as coming along every three years then we are in our third-generation of officers who experienced no discipline," said the official who is involved in defense policy. Three years is the typical assignment tour.
The official said the top brass were used to getting their way, especially in the last Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) in 1997, when Mr. Clinton's national security team approved a status-quo military.
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld is overseeing this year's QDR with a theme of restoring civilian control at the Pentagon and challenging long-held assumptions.
"The last administration exercised no leadership at all," this Bush-ite said. "You've got three generations of officer who have grown up under a no-leadership regime and as a result it's everybody for himself. It's an unconstrained kind of atmosphere."
"Secretary Rumsfeld has the hardest job in town, and he's taking a beating like this from all these characters. They're resisting him hammer and tong because they are being parochial about it."
The generals point of view is that Mr. Rumsfeld's staff began the strategy review determined to cut the size of the 1.36-million active force to create savings to modernize and fund an aggressive missile-defense program.
They said Mr. Rumsfeld's point man on the QDR, Deputy Undersecretary of Policy Stephen Cambone, isn't listening to their arguments that a cut in the force raises all sorts of risks in carrying out military commitments worldwide.

Revolt of the alumni
About 50 Annapolis graduates have formed a loose-knit group to challenge the thinking of the U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association (USNAAA) and what the group sees as slackening standards at the school for Navy officers.
The group is called the "U.S. Naval Academy Concerned Alumni." It has its own Web site, posting a statement of purpose and a lively exchange of letters.
The correspondence was initiated by retired Rear Adm. M. Dick Van Orden, class of 1945, and directed at retired Adm. Leighton W. "Snuffy" Smith Jr., chairman of the USNAAA board of trustees.
"Surely it is no secret that there are a number of alumni who view with alarm some of the trends being fostered by the USNA," Adm. Van Orden writes. "These alumni believe in traditional values for training and education of naval officers and oppose the lowering of standards in admissions, in physical standards and in discipline — all of which have stood the Navy and Marines so well in years past."
Adm. Smith is clearly irritated with Adm. Van Orden's volley of letters. At one point, the retired four-star tells the former two-star to follow his chain of command by writing to his alumni chapter president.
"Our board is not, as you suggest, 'a good old boys club,'" Adm. Smith writes. "Our trustees are vibrant and enthusiastic representation of our alumni, properly elected, who are as concerned as you are for the welfare of our academy."
Adm. Van Orden told us he and Adm. Smith spoke by phone last week. "I think we cleared the air a lot," he said.

Ryan on stealth
Gen. Michael Ryan, the Air Force chief of staff, said the U.S. Air Force F-117 stealth fighter-bomber that went down in 1999 during the war in Kosovo was hit by enemy fire. "It was a lucky shot," he told reporters, without elaborating whether the shot was a surface-to-air missile.
But he argued the Serbian downing of the radar-evading aircraft has no implications for the use of stealth aircraft.
"Stealth is but one of the techniques that you use," he said. "But it is not a silver bullet and not a cure-all for problems. That's why we don't do operations where we don't put a force together that includes stealth and other capabilities, jammers."
Gen. Ryan, who leaves his post at the end of September, said he had predicted that the Air Force would lose more than the two aircraft that went down flying over what he called "some of the toughest defenses in Europe." An F-16 also was shot down.
"That's pretty good," he said. "So stealth will be part of our force for the future and in fact we are moving to a stealthy force in the Air Force."
Did Kosovo lead to a change in tactics? "It did one thing," Gen. Ryan said. "It made us sensitive to the need to better integrate all of our capabilities to bring power to bear. I'll leave it at that."

Intercepts
Gen. Henry Shelton, Joint Chiefs of Staff chairman, has no plans to read a former colleague's book. We're taking about "Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo and the Future of Combat," written by retired Gen. Wesley Clark, the former NATO commander who uses his memoirs to criticize the Clinton national security team, including Gen. Shelton and former Defense Secretary William Cohen.
West Point's class of 1967 is reveling in one of its own, retired Army Brig. Gen. Thomas E. White, being named secretary of the Army. An entry in Assembly, the alumni magazine, reads, "Maybe, just maybe, now we'll stop being 'An Army of One' in black beanies, and get back to what we're supposed to be, and what the nation expects us to be. An Army of people trained and motivated to be hard, live hard, and do hard things when the nation's security depends on it, and stop being the social experiment of the feel good, nothing-should-be-hard-generation. Go get 'em, Tommy, we're counting on you."

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