- The Washington Times - Monday, October 8, 2001

The State Department yesterday rallied international support for the U.S. and British air attacks on Afghan targets while placing American embassies worldwide on high alert.
The air strikes "may result in strong anti-American sentiment and retaliatory actions against U.S. citizens and interests throughout the world," the State Department said.
U.S. diplomatic missions worldwide were instructed to be on high alert and missions in Saudi Arabia were ordered shut.
Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain, which fired missiles from submarines in support of the U.S.-led attacks, defended the missions as vital for the defense of freedom.
"The world understands that while of course there are dangers in acting, the dangers of inaction are far, far greater the threat of further such outrages, the threats to our economies, the threat to the stability of the world.
"None of the leaders involved in this action want war," he added. "None of our nations want it. We are a peaceful people. But we know that sometimes to safeguard peace, we have to fight."
President Bush said that Canada, Britain, Australia, Germany and France had pledged to send troops to fight alongside Americans once the war expands into a land conflict.
Arab and other Muslim nations were conspicuously silent as U.S. missiles rained down on military targets inside Afghanistan, most likely for fear of the reaction from their own anti-American extremists.
Pakistan said the Taliban rulers in Afghanistan had brought the bombs down on themselves by failing to deliver terrorist ringleader Osama bin Laden to the United States for trial.
In a move to block pro-Taliban supporters, Pakistan arrested Maulana Fazal-ur Rehman, head of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam party for allowing his aides to brandish weapons at a rally.
At the State Department, an official said President Bush had asked Secretary of State Colin L. Powell to go to India and Pakistan late this week "to keep working with them on coalition efforts," Reuters news agency reported.
Pakistan, a critical ally in the anti-terror effort because of its long mountainous border with Afghanistan, has long been at odds with India over the disputed territory of Kashmir, and each is suspicious of the other's participation in the anti-terror coalition.
Mr. Powell "has been very careful all along to manage our relationships with India or Pakistan so we don't see any tensions arising over this," the State Department official said.
"Each of these countries will support [the coalition] in a slightly different way, so we want to work with both of them and not allow any problems to arise," he added.
Shortly after the air strikes started, bin Laden was shown on an Arabic-language television station threatening Americans.
"I swear to God that America will never dream of security or see it before we live it and see it in Palestine, and not before the infidels' armies leave the land of Moham- med, peace be upon him," he said in a videotape recorded before the U.S. attacks but aired yesterday on Al-Jezeera television.
Afghanistan's ambassador to Pakistan, Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef, said yesterday that bin Laden and his protector, Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, both survived the attacks.
Mr. Powell and Mr. Bush called foreign leaders before the attacks, lining up their support and warning them to increase their own domestic security.
Mr. Powell spoke to the leaders of Mexico, Tajikistan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Oman, Ukraine, Bahrain and Turkmenistan and the prime minister of Japan. He also spoke to U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan.
Around the world, leaders reacted rapidly to the U.S. and British air attacks.
A Russian Foreign Ministry statement, read on ORT television, said that Afghanistan has become an "international center of terrorism and extremism."
"It is time for decisive action with this evil," the statement said. "Terrorists wherever they are in Afghanistan, Chechnya, Middle East or the Balkans should know that they will be taken to justice."
Russia also said it would send food and other aid for up to 150,000 Afghan refugees expected to flee the fighting.
Russian President Vladimir Putin was one of several leaders called by Mr. Bush before the attacks.
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres said the U.S. action was correct and the only "moral" solution to terrorism. "The United States and the free world must win. There is no compromise."
Turkey, a Muslim country that has offered permission for U.S. warplanes based on its soil to be used in attacks on Afghanistan, called for efforts to spare civilian casualties.
President Ahmet Necdet Sezer told Vice President Richard B. Cheney yesterday, "We hope the United States acts wisely and that innocent people are spared."
German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder said the German government supported "without reservation" the attacks on "terrorist targets in Afghanistan."
French President Jacques Chirac said that French forces will take part in military operations started by the United States and Britain against targets in Afghanistan.
Mr. Chirac, in a nationally televised address, said the attacks would be conducted over a long period. "Our forces will take part," he said.
But French Green party Deputy Noel Mamere criticized the attacks on Afghanistan, saying they amounted to an act of war against the Afghan people.
Italy and Japan both came out in support of the U.S.-led attacks.
Mr. Bush gave advance word to the European Union that U.S.-led forces would carry out attacks in Afghanistan yesterday, a Belgian government spokesman said.

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