- The Washington Times - Wednesday, December 15, 2004

ASSOCIATED PRESS

Google Inc. won a major legal victory yesterday when a federal judge ruled that the search engine’s advertising policy does not violate federal trademark laws.

U.S. District Judge Leonie Brinkema rejected a complaint by auto insurance giant Geico Corp., which argued that Google should not be allowed to sell ads to rival insurance companies that appear whenever Geico’s name is typed into the Google search box.

Google derives a major portion of its revenue from selling ad space to businesses that bid on search terms — both generic words and names protected by trademark — used by people looking for information online about products and services.

Geico, a unit of billionaire Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc., contended that Google’s AdWords program, which displays the rival ads under a “Sponsored Links” heading next to a user’s search results, confuses consumers and illegally exploits Geico’s investment of hundreds of millions of dollars in its brand.

“There is no evidence that that activity alone causes confusion,” Judge Brinkema said in granting Google’s motion for summary judgment on that issue. The ruling, on what the parties considered the seminal issue in the case, came just three days after the trial had begun.

David Drummond, Google’s vice president and general counsel, called the decision a victory for consumers.

“It confirms that our policy complies with the law, particularly the use of trademarks as key words,” Mr. Drummond said. “This is a clear signal to other litigants that our key-word policy is lawful.”

Google’s attorneys argued that the company was simply acting as a publisher by allowing competitors’ ads to appear on the same screen when the names of their rivals are typed in.

Geico said it is losing customers who use the search engine to look for Geico but are led to other Web sites that win business at Geico’s expense.

The Geico lawsuit, filed in May, came just weeks after Google said it planned to raise billions of dollars with an initial public stock offering. In filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the company said it would face financial risks if it was forced to limit sales of key-word ads to generic words.

Google is facing similar lawsuits from other companies in the United States and Europe, including American Blind and Wallpaper Factory Inc. and AXA Group, the world’s No. 3 insurer.

Judge Brinkema said the case would continue to move forward on one remaining issue — whether ads that pop up and actually use Geico in their text violate trademark law. Google contends that its policies expressly prohibit advertisers from using trademark names in the text of their ads.

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