- The Washington Times - Sunday, December 19, 2004

BASTOGNE, Belgium — Amid snow flurries and a chilling wind, Belgium’s King Albert II yesterday honored U.S. soldiers who died fighting Nazi Germany 60 years ago in the Battle of the Bulge, the largest land battle for American forces in World War II.

Veterans from across the United States returned to find this market town that was at the center of the fighting much as it was on that bitter cold December in 1944 — covered in snow and buffeted by wind.

The old soldiers, wearing military berets and caps, were greeted with warm applause, hugs and kisses from a grateful crowd that lined the streets.

“I’m very happy to see so many people come out for this event,” said Miasy Dumont, 68, from nearby Leudelange, Luxembourg. “This is the last time I’m sure. In 10 years, there will be no more veterans.”

The king, joined by Speaker of the House J. Dennis Hastert, Illinois Republican, led a commemoration and laid wreaths at the vast Mardasson memorial on the edge of town. The ceremony paid homage to the 19,000 American soldiers killed and about 61,000 wounded in the largest land battle for U.S. forces in World War II. The fighting also claimed 120,000 German lives.

“All soldiers memorialized at this monument are part of the greatest generation,” said U.S. Gen. James L. Jones, supreme allied commander in Europe.

After the half-hour ceremony, which included a U.S. honor guard from the 101st Airborne Division from Fort Campbell, Ky., veterans were driven by bus from the towering memorial back to the center of town.

The day began with a parade of veterans, marching bands, World War II-era jeeps, trucks and ambulances through Bastogne. The vehicles rumbled past the town’s central square, named for Gen. Anthony McAuliffe, acting commander of the 101st Airborne, whose paratroopers repulsed repeated attacks.

On Dec. 22, 1944, Gen. McAuliffe was given two hours to surrender by the Germans or face “total annihilation.” His now-famous reply: “Nuts.”

A commemorative throwing of nuts was also to take place at the square.

Organizers also offered guided walks along the defensive perimeter south of Bastogne that was relieved by Gen. George S. Patton’s 3rd Army, which rushed north from France to help defeat the Germans. The battle raged for six weeks across the Ardennes hills of southern Belgium and Luxembourg, but Bastogne, a town of 14,000, bore the brunt of the fighting.

Rising out of the Champagne fields of northern France, the Ardennes highlands sweep across southeastern Belgium, cover much of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, then flow into western Germany’s Eiffel range.

Sixty years ago, their valleys, trout streams and rolling hills were the scene of Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler’s last gamble. His panzer divisions smashed through the forests, catching the Allies by surprise and driving the front westward in a “bulge” that ran deep into Belgian territory.

The battle drew in more than a million troops — 600,000 Germans, 500,000 Americans and 55,000 Britons — who fought in bitter cold from Dec. 16, 1944, to Jan. 25, 1945.

“The American veterans who have returned 60 years later to the battle site represent those who gave their lives on our soil so that today we can live free,” Bastogne Mayor Philippe Collard said in French at a memorial honoring Gen. Patton.

The mayor added in English: “We will never forget. You are home here.”

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