- The Washington Times - Saturday, November 19, 2005

DEFENDANTS

Nazis convicted by the Nuremberg tribunal:

• Hermann Goering, commander of air force and departments of fanatical SS elite forces. Escaped the gallows by committing suicide.

• Martin Bormann, Nazi party secretary, sentenced to death in absentia; it was later thought he had died in Berlin in the final days of the war.

• Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler’s deputy. Arrested after flying to Scotland in 1941 in what some have speculated was a secret peace effort. Sentenced to life imprisonment; committed suicide in Berlin’s Spandau prison in 1987.

• Alfred Jodl, senior military official and strategic adviser to Hitler. Hanged.

• Ernst Kaltenbrunner, high-ranking SS official, headed central Nazi intelligence organization and several concentration camps. Hanged.

• Wilhelm Keitel, commander of armed forces. Hanged.

• Joachim von Ribbentrop, foreign minister, negotiated deal to divide Baltic States and Poland with Soviet Union. Hanged.

• Alfred Rosenberg, Nazi party philosopher and ruler of occupied territories in Eastern Europe. Hanged.

• Fritz Sauckel, headed slave labor program for German factories. Hanged.

• Julius Streicher, anti-Jewish propagandist. Hanged.

• Hans Frank, leader of occupied Poland. Hanged.

• Wilhelm Frick, interior minister. Hanged.

• Arthur Seyss-Inquart, instrumental in takeover of Austria, later Nazi leader of occupied Netherlands. Hanged.

• Erich Raeder, head of German navy to 1943. Life in prison. Released in 1955 due to illness. Died in 1960.

• Baldur von Schirach, head of Hitler Youth. Twenty years. Released in 1966, died in 1974.

• Albert Speer, minister of armaments. Twenty years. Released in 1966, died in 1981.

• Karl Doenitz, head of German navy from 1943. Became president of Germany after Hitler’s death. Ten years.

• Walter Funk, minister of economics. Life imprisonment.

• Konstantin von Neurath, protector of Bohemia and Moravia, resigned in 1943. Fifteen years.

Nazis acquitted:

• Hans Fritzsche, head of news division of propaganda ministry.

• Franz von Papen, German chancellor in 1932 and Hitler’s vice chancellor from 1933, later ambassador to Turkey.

• Hjalmar Schacht, prewar president of national bank.Source: Associated Press

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