- The Washington Times - Wednesday, December 20, 2006

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Ruth Bernhard, a renowned photographer whose black-and-white images of compelling shapes from female nudes to seashells were regarded as still-life art, died Dec. 18 at her San Francisco apartment. She was 101.

In 1953, Miss Bernhard moved to San Francisco, where she befriended and worked with some of her greatest contemporaries, including Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, Wynn Bullock and Dorothea Lange.

Mr. Adams called Miss Bernhard “the greatest photographer of the nude.”

One of her most famous photographs, “In the Box, Horizontal, 1962,” shows a sleeping woman stretched sensuously in a rectangular box, wearing only a headband.

Born in Germany in 1905, the daughter of noted type designer Lucian Bernhard, she immigrated to New York in 1929. She bought a box camera and soon started making a living doing commercial photography.

A few years later, she moved to Los Angeles, where a chance encounter on the beach with photographer Edward Weston in 1935 changed the direction of her career. He remained her mentor for years. A whole issue of Natural History Magazine was devoted to her photos of seashells.

Daniel Pinkham, 83, composer

BOSTON (AP) — Daniel Pinkham, a composer who had shared his music with peers and students at the New England Conservatory and the King’s Chapel since the late 1950s, died Dec. 8 of leukemia. He was 83.

Mr. Pinkham was born in Lynn, Mass. He joined the conservatory faculty in 1958 and was appointed music director at King’s Chapel, a Unitarian church in Boston, the next year.

He was a prolific and generous composer concerned with making his music accessible to the masses, said Heinrich Christensen, the current music director at King’s.

During his first year at the church, Mr. Pinkham began a series of Sunday evening concerts, which will celebrate its 50th season next year, the Rev. Earl Holt said.

Many of Mr. Pinkham’s anthems now sung around the world were first performed in Boston.

Mr. Pinkham retired as music director in June 2000, and was named music director emeritus.

Mr. Christensen said Mr. Pinkham continued working until this past summer and had a work premiere Sunday night at the Memorial Church in Cambridge: “A Cradle Hymn,” performed by the Harvard University Choir.

Galen Martin, 79, civil rights activist

LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) — Galen Martin, a longtime civil rights activist and former executive director of the Kentucky Commission on Human Rights, died Dec. 19 at his home from complications suffered in a cycling accident three years ago, his family said. He was 79.

Mr. Martin was executive director of the Kentucky Commission on Human Rights from 1963 to 1989 and was instrumental in the drafting and passage of Kentucky’s civil rights law in 1966.

In 1972, Mr. Martin was one of the lawyers for the plaintiffs who sued the Louisville and Jefferson County school systems to force desegregation in classrooms. He also helped draft the desegregation plan that resulted from the lawsuit.

Mr. Martin was executive director of the Fair Housing Council in Louisville in 2003 when he hit his head while riding his mountain bike on a trail in a national forest near Damascus, Va. He struggled with the resulting complications the remainder of his life.

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