- The Washington Times - Friday, September 8, 2006

Commander James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederate States navy, passed away at his son-in-law’s house, 76 Canning St., Toxteth, a suburb of Liverpool, in January 1901. He left a legacy of bravery, courage and meticulous attention to detail in his service to the South.

One only has to read his book, written in 1888, to realize just how meticulous Bulloch was about record keeping. It is strange, therefore, that there seems to be no trace of his files. Indeed, it seems inconceivable that he would not have kept such records stored safely.

Allied to this is the rarity of photographs of James Dunwoody Bulloch — there are only two confirmed pictures (and one other possibility).

It has been suggested that some of his records may bein the Roosevelt family files in New York. Bulloch had visited there, and the Roosevelts had visited him in Liverpool.

It would seem reasonable to suggest there are some additional photographs somewhere of Bulloch and his wife, Harriet, and the five Bulloch children. It is also possible that the Bullochs posed with the Roosevelts, including young Teddy, the future president.

Could they have been passed on to his children? This would be the most likely course of action. The Bullochs had five: James Dunwoody Jr., who died in 1888 in Lynchburg, Va., while on a cotton-buying trip to the United States; Henry James, who died at age 10 of scarlet fever in 1871; Stuart Elliot, who emigrated to Australia in 1897, dying in Perth in 1939 (Stuart served in the the British army, and, later, the Australian army, taking part in the Gallipoli campaign of World War I); Jesse, the elder daughter, who married; and Martha Louise, a spinster.

As is seen above, the two elder sons were both outlived by their father, and Stuart had gone to make a new life in Australia. This left his two daughters and Bulloch’s wife.

Harriet died in 1897, and Bulloch himself was too ill to report her death to the Registrar. This was done by his half-brother, Irvine Stephens Bulloch, who himself died in 1898.

So now we have only the two daughters, Mrs. Hyslop Maxwell (Jesse), and Martha Bulloch.

Jesse had married Maxwell, and it was in his house that Bulloch died of rectal cancer in 1901. There were no children from Jesse’s marriage, and as stated, Martha was a spinster. Some years prior to World War II, the Maxwells, along with Martha, took up permanent residence in the Adelphi Hotel in the center of Liverpool. As Martha seemed to spend much of her life living with her sister, there is a theory that maybe she was permanently unwell, or had some disease.

It seems fair to assume that as the only Bullochs from the original family now left in Liverpool, they would have had their father’s files, and artifacts in the hotel with them. Maxwell, Jesse’s husband, had died prior to the outbreak of war, with Jesse herself passing away in 1941.

This was at the time when the Nazi bombing of English cities was at its worst. Indeed, Liverpool suffered terribly, with many people killed during the onslaught.

When James Dunwoody Bulloch was serving his fledgling country, he made many trips to Scotland, often staying at the Bridge Of Allan, close to the River Clyde. Theory No. 1 about the Bulloch files has them being sent up to Scotland, for safekeeping during the blitz. If this was Jesse’s doing, and Martha was, as suspected, infirm or mentally impaired, then Jesse’s death in 1941 would mean that the files are possibly still somewhere in Scotland.

If the files remained at the Adelphi when Martha died in 1945, one can only assume that the hotel’s management disposed of the files, as she had no relatives or executors of which we are aware. And if, by some stroke of great fortune, the Bulloch files were to be rediscovered, one has to wonder what might be found there — possibly the aforementioned family photographs or maybe even a photograph of the Confederate commerce raider Alabama, of which there are only two in existence, both taken in Singapore in December 1863.

Perhaps Bulloch kept diaries of the war years and their aftermath, or references to meeting his nephew Teddy Roosevelt. But the most interesting of all, were it to resurface, would undoubtedly be the record of his meeting in Britain with former Confederate President Jefferson Davis and wife Vareena in 1868.

The two Davis sons attended the sameschool in the Liverpool suburbs as the Bulloch children, and it was there that the young Teddy Roosevelt, during a visit, got into a fight with Davis’ eldest son, Jefferson Davis Jr.

Should the Bulloch files actually exist, my hope is that one day they will be found, and added to the illustrious history of the Confederate States of America.

Roy Rawlinson operates a Web site called When Liverpool Was Dixie (http://www.csa-dixie.com/liverpool_dixie/). He arranged the commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Bulloch’s death, at Toxteth Cemetery on Jan. 72001. Mr. Rawlinson lives in Southport, 17 miles from Liverpool.

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