- The Washington Times - Sunday, April 15, 2007

CAMP BULLIS, Texas (AP) - A row of rumbling flatbed trucks and Humvees outfitted with gun turrets lurches toward a mock village of cinderblock buildings where instructors posing as insurgents wait to test the trainees convoy-protection skills.

The training range is Army, as is the duty itself one of the most dangerous in Iraq these days. But the camouflage-clad young men and women training to run and protect convoys are not Army; they are Air Force.

They are part of a small but steady stream of airmen being trained to do soldiers duty under the Army chain of command, a tangible sign that the Pentagon was scouring the military to aid an Iraq force that was stretched long before President Bush ordered 21,500 additional U.S. troops there.

“What weve seen is the Department of Defense continues to find ways to meet the requirements imposed by the commander in chief,” said retired Brig. Gen. Kevin Ryan, a senior fellow at Harvard Universitys Belfer Center in the John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Mr. Ryan said the Army and other branches of service have been looking at every possible job that can be shifted from the Air Force performing convoy duty to the Navy setting up medical facilities far from waterfronts.

“I cant imagine there are any jobs that they could be doing that they arent doing, but certainly, that doesnt mean theyre not continuing to look to find every possible instance where we can use the full military to solve this problem and not just have this be an Army and Marine Corps issue,” he said.

The 2,225 airmen who have been trained and sent to run convoys in Iraq and Afghanistan so far remain a relatively small part of the overall force that includes tens of thousands of soldiers, who are sent for longer stretches and more frequent deployments.

The Air Force is running a regular rotation of five-week courses for airmen to work convoys between Kuwait and Iraq. Recently, separate training was created for those being deployed to Afghanistan. Few of the airmen, who once mostly moved or fixed equipment on Air Force bases, imagined they would be sent to fight in a ground war, but course trainers say it makes little difference.

“We want to be one team, one fight. It doesnt matter which service tape you have on your uniform,” said 1st Lt. Matt Addington, the course commander.

Most Air Force enlisted personnel havent had ground combat training, and the Army has its own sets of weaponry, terminology and command chains all of which have to be taught to the airmen.

The Camp Bullis training, in an area named for two airmen killed in Iraq convoys, includes courses on assault rifles, roadside bomb recognition, combat first aid and driving tactics. The airmen live in a camp designed like a forward operating base, sleeping on cots, eating ready-to-eat meals and scrambling to shelter when air raid sirens sound.

The training culminates with a 72-hour exercise that includes instructors dressed in long white shirts and tapestry caps, planting mock roadside bombs and shooting blanks at the convoy from open windows in an “urban warfare village.”

Many airmen were surprised at the assignment.

“I was expecting just to be a vehicle operations troop, dealing with wreckers, forklifts vehicles like that,” said Senior Airman Robert Bledsoe, who manned a .50-caliber gun during his first deployment to Iraq. “It opened my eyes a bunch.”

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