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Guides fill in the blanks
SHARPSBURG, Md. — Would you like your Civil War history seasoned with baseball trivia? Spritzed up with a winery tour? Do you long to dissect the Battle of Antietam with a Pulitzer Prize-winning historian?
Hire a guide.
As the 150th anniversary of the War Between the States approaches, starting with John Brown’s 1859 prewar raid at Harpers Ferry, W.Va., customized tours for people fascinated by the conflict are multiplying.
As little as $50 buys a two-hour, private, guided tour of Antietam in Maryland, the site of the bloodiest day of the war, or Gettysburg National Military Park, the high-water mark of the Confederacy, in neighboring Pennsylvania.
Those thirsting for more knowledge can join multistate bus tours of up to six days, led by scholars including James McPherson, whose 1988 book, “Battle Cry of Freedom,” won a Pulitzer Prize and helped rekindle interest in the conflict. The cost of the marathon trek, offered by Civil War Tours of Winchester, Conn., is $950, excluding hotel lodging.
“We interpret the events of the battle as they unfolded, which the average guy can’t do standing there reading the park brochure by the wayside,” tour operator David A. Ward said.
Between the extremes is an assortment of tours for almost every taste. All-In-One Tours and Cruises of Lancaster, Pa., blends visits to Virginia battlefields with wine tastings, plantation tours and Shakespearean plays.
At the Antietam National Battlefield, just outside the Western Maryland hamlet of Sharpsburg, guides are preparing for next month’s 145th anniversary of a clash that left more than 23,000 dead, wounded or missing on Sept. 17, 1862. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s retreat from Antietam gave President Abraham Lincoln the political strength to issue the Emancipation Proclamation five days later.
Those are the basics. But if you hire guide Randy Buchman of the Antietam Battlefield Guides, you’ll likely hear about Gen. Abner Doubleday, who commanded a Union division at Antietam and is popularly known as having invented the game of baseball. Mr. Buchman, who is writing a book about Gen. Doubleday, said the baseball story is false, since Gen. Doubleday was a West Point cadet when he supposedly invented the game in Cooperstown, N.Y., in 1839.
Jeff Driscoll has been leading tours since the 1970s. His clients have ranged from Boy Scout troops to British tourists to Wayne J. Rowe, a Naval War College librarian from Tiverton, R.I., whose hobby is studying the Richmond Howitzers, a Confederate artillery company.
“I didn’t have much time, and he kind of did the work for me,” Mr. Rowe said. “It was the best money and time I could have spent.”
Mr. Driscoll said boning up on arcane requests is part of the fun of guiding.
“You just continue to learn more and more and more about not just the battle, but the whole campaign,” he said. “It’s expected, and it’s necessary.”
The Antietam guide service is run by the Western Maryland Interpretive Association, a private, nonprofit group that also owns the battlefield bookstore. But the rigorous training regimen — including a 25-book reading list and written and oral exams — is based on the requirements of the Gettysburg-based Association of Battlefield Guides.
The 155 Gettysburg guides are licensed by the National Park Service and are the only people allowed to give paid tours of the Gettysburg battlefield.
Park rangers at Gettysburg and Antietam also give programs on the battles, but their offerings are restricted by their numbers — just 18 year-round rangers at Gettysburg and six at Antietam.
“We’re limited by the fact that we have to respond to everybody and kind of give a general overview of the battle,” Antietam Superintendent John W. Howard said. “Now we have an option. We can say, ‘Get hold of the guide service.’ ”
By Brahma Chellaney
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