The Justice Department also levied a $300 million fine on Korean Air Lines Co. Ltd. for colluding with competitors to fix fuel surcharges on cargo shipments to the U.S., and fixing some passenger fares from the United States to Korea.
It said both airlines had agreed to plead guilty to price fixing.
In addition to the fuel surcharge fixing, U.S. officials said British Airways and Korean Air lines were involved in a conspiracy with German carrier Lufthansa AG to fix charges for international cargo shipments.
The Justice Department said Virgin and Lufthansa would not face sanctions because they had come forward to authorities.
“When British Airways, Korean Air and their co-conspirators got together and agreed to raise prices for passenger and air cargo fares, American consumers and businesses ended up picking up the tab for their illegal conduct,” said Acting Associate Attorney General William W. Mercer.
In May, British Airways PLC set aside $710 million in preparation for such penalties from regulators.
In a statement, the airline said between August 2004 and January 2006 it colluded with Virgin Atlantic over the surcharges added to fares in response to rising oil prices. Under the Office of Fair Trading’s leniency policy, Virgin Atlantic is not expected to face a fine because it reported the purported misconduct to authorities.
British Airways Chief Executive Willie Walsh said passengers had not been overcharged. He said a “limited number of individuals” in the company had broken competition rules.
“Anticompetitive behavior is entirely unacceptable and we condemn it unreservedly,” he said.
During the period under investigation, fuel surcharges rose from about $10 to about $120 per ticket for a round-trip long-haul flight on British Airways and Virgin.
Two British Airways executives — commercial director Martin George and head of communications Iain Burns — went on leave after the inquiry began, and later resigned.
OFT Chairman Philip Collins said the fine — the largest ever imposed by Britain’s competition watchdog — “will send an important message to corporate boards and business leaders about our intention to enforce the law, and serves to remind companies of the substantial risks involved if they are found to engage in such behavior.”
In a statement, Virgin said it had informed regulators “as soon as our legal team was made aware of the nature of contacts that had occurred between some individuals at British Airways and Virgin Atlantic.”
Deborah Jones, deputy director of cartel investigation at the Office of Fair Trading, said it was just to treat Virgin differently because it had come forward first.
She said that did not mean Virgin would not be penalized.
“Virgin are still facing the censure, the publicity that they have engaged in this behavior,” she said. “They are not immune from customers who may seek some form of compensation.”
British Airways shares fell 1.2 percent to $7.98 on the London Stock Exchange.