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Their efforts, however, have not gone well in the nine days since government commandos stormed a mosque complex in the capital, killing 100 militants and civilians.

Direct attacks, including suicide bombings, on Pakistani government forces have spread across the western half of the country.

Although U.S. officials have continued to back Mr. Musharraf publicly, Pakistani analysts and some Western diplomats say the country has not fully broken with past policies of supporting Islamic extremism, mainly in support of national and strategic interests in Kashmir and Afghanistan.

Pakistani military and intelligence officials have for years told their allies in Washington one thing while supporting militants and actively encouraging anti-American sentiment inside Pakistan, said Umar Farouk, a writer for the Herald, one of Pakistan“s leading political magazines. Now they are faced with the consequences, he said.

Pakistani officials insisted that Washington should look at its own policy of supporting extremists in the past. Many here accuse Washington of having a hand in Osama bin Laden”s rise to power, although they provide no evidence of that.

U.S. intelligence agencies, eager to defeat the Soviets in Afghanistan in the 1980s, directed the lion”s share of their funding for Islamic radicals through Pakistani intelligence services.

But neither the CIA nor any other U.S. agency directly funded Osama bin Laden, who rose to fame in that same era.