Mr. Martin, in a letter written this week to Rep. Mike Pence, Indiana Republican, and made public today, said the agency found no compelling reason to revisit its 1987 decision that enforcing the federal rule was not in the public interest.
Several Democratic lawmakers suggested that Congress take another look at the doctrine after conservative radio talk-show hosts aggressively attacked an immigration reform bill when it was on the Senate floor, contributing to its defeat.
Under the doctrine, instituted in the late 1940s, broadcasters could lose their licenses if they failed to give free airtime to opposing sides on issues.
In his letter, Mr. Martin said government regulation was not needed to ensure public access to a wide range of opinion.
“Indeed, with the continued proliferation of additional sources of information and programming, including satellite broadcasting and the Internet, the need for the Fairness Doctrine has lessened even further since 1987,” he wrote.
Mr. Pence, in a joint statement with Rep. Greg Walden, Oregon Republican, welcomed Mr. Martin’s position but said Congress still should pass his legislation so that no future administration or FCC chairman could revive the doctrine without an act of Congress.