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For example, the American Medical Association, the trade group for doctors, said that for each 10 percent increase in the price of cigarettes, youth smoking is reduced by 7 percent, and overall consumption by 4 percent.

“The higher the tax, the more substantial the future public health benefit,” said Dr. Ronald M. Davis, president of the American Medical Association. “Fewer smokers means fewer people with strokes, heart attacks, cancer, and other smoking-related health conditions.”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says that about 440,000 people in the United States die prematurely each year as a result of illnesses attributable to smoking.