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France will regret this imbalance one day or another,” said Mr. Bayrou, whose renamed Democratic Movement polled about 7 percent nationally and is expected to win one to four seats. The centrist won 18.6 percent in the presidential ballot.

Eleven Cabinet members were standing for election, and Mr. Fillon has ruled that they will have to quit if they lose.

Like Mr. Fillon, a number of government ministers were elected outright yesterday, including Economy Minister Jean-Louis Borloo, Labor and Social Affairs Minister Xavier Bertrand and Defense Minister Herve Morin.

Government No. 2 Alain Juppe, who had faced potentially the most difficult ballot, appeared well-placed for a runoff in his Bordeaux fiefdom.