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“It will force the chancelleries of the world to rethink the architecture of peacemaking. Clearly Gaza and the West Bank are moving in very different directions,” said Dore Gold, a former Israeli ambassador to the United Nations. “It’s going to be very difficult and extremely challenging for anyone undertaking diplomatic initiatives.”

Though Hamas is claiming victory right now in Gaza, there is one upside for Israel, analysts said.

The Islamists face immediate challenges of restoring law and order in the Gaza Strip, and will need to form a political leadership that is capable of averting a collapse of the local economy and a humanitarian disaster. That could force Hamas to behave more responsibly, said Meir Javedanfar, a Middle East specialist.

“The Palestinian people could vent their anger at Hamas,” he said.

One Israeli right-wing parliament member said Hamas‘ rise should take pressure off Israel to move forward in peace negotiations with the Palestinians. “This week’s developments have demonstrated [that Mr. Abbas] is too weak to be a partner for talks,” said Yuval Steinitz, a member of the Likud party.

“The formula ‘land for peace’ has become land for terror and land for Iranian influence,” he said. “If there will be a Palestinian state, it will be an Iranian-led Palestinian state in the center of Israel.”