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Question of the Day
RAMALLAH, West Bank — Mahmoud Abbas got a major boost in his increasingly bellicose showdown with Hamas yesterday, with a U.S. diplomat saying he expects a crippling embargo to be lifted after the Palestinian president appoints a government without the Islamist militants.
But the money is unlikely to reach Gaza, now controlled by Hamas and cut off from the rest of the world.
Mr. Abbas signed a decree appointing the new Cabinet this morning, and it is to be sworn in later today in the West Bank, where Fatah forces stormed government offices yesterday, three days after Hamas seized control of Gaza and Mr. Abbas dismantled the Hamas-Fatah coalition government in response.
In Gaza, panicked residents stocked up, fearing growing shortages of food, fuel and other staples as the crossings of the fenced-in strip with Israel and Egypt remained closed. Hundreds of other Gazans rushed to the border crossing with Israel to try to escape Hamas rule but found gates locked. Israeli troops briefly fired warning shots, and only a few managed to cross.
Senior officials of Mr. Abbas‘ Fatah movement, who had fled Gaza, started reaching the West Bank. The head of Palestine TV, Abdel Salam Abu Nada, said he crawled for several hundred yards to evade gunfire at the Gaza-Israel crossing before making it to safety.
Across Gaza, Hamas cemented control. Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh, who has ignored Mr. Abbas‘ order firing him, replaced Fatah security commanders with his own men, and Hamas gunmen rounded up their opponents’ weapons. In the southern town of Khan Younis, members of the most powerful local clan refused to hand over their guns and a firefight erupted. Hamas fighters stormed the homes of clan members, and said they confiscated drugs and a weapons cache.
Symbols of Fatah control, including the Gaza City residence of the late Yasser Arafat, were looted. Mr. Abbas‘ office said looters took furniture, including a bed, as well as presents the legendary leader had received in four decades at the helm of Palestinian politics. Hamas security forces later arrived and locked the house. Hamas denied anyone had broken into the building.
Two Fatah loyalists were slain yesterday, in what Fatah said were revenge killings. Also, the bodies of seven Hamas members were found in the basement of the Preventive Security Service headquarters, a Fatah stronghold captured Thursday, and the bullet-riddled corpse of a Fatah field commander turned up in southern Gaza. More than 100 people were killed in a week of clashes.
In the West Bank, gunmen from Mr. Abbas‘ Fatah movement attacked Hamas-run institutions, taking control of the parliament and several government ministries. Chanting, “Hamas Out,” they planted Fatah and Palestinian flags on rooftops. They attacked Hassan Kreisheh, an independent legislator and one of the two parliament deputy speakers, and left only after warning that government workers with Hamas ties could not return.
Mr. Abbas, meanwhile, angrily rejected attempts by Arab League chief Amr Moussa to mediate between him and Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal. Abbas aide Yasser Abed Rabbo said the president would not engage in a dialogue with “killers.”
In the showdown, much of the international community — including the United States, the European Union and moderate Arab states — is backing Mr. Abbas. Declarations of support are likely to be followed soon by a resumption of foreign aid to the Palestinian Authority.
The U.S. consul general in Jerusalem, Jacob Walles, met with Mr. Abbas at his headquarters in Ramallah yesterday and said the economic embargo — imposed after Hamas won legislative elections 15 months ago — is expected to be lifted after the new government is sworn in.
“I expect that we are going to be engaged with this government,” Mr. Walles said after the meeting. “I expect that early next week. There will be some announcements in Washington, specifically about our assistance and about the financial regulations.”
Hamas has not explained how it would run Gaza without foreign support or contact with the outside world. Israel controls Gaza’s borders, wielding tremendous influence over the movement of people and goods in and out of the area.
Signs of panic were emerging. One Gaza City baker distributed tickets to those lined up for bread. Sarifa Hadad, a mother of seven, bought $40 worth of food, including tomato paste and shortening, and was going from store to store to buy more. “They say the borders are going to be closed, so we are searching for sugar and supplies,” she said.
Israel eventually will allow basic supplies into Gaza to prevent a humanitarian disaster, said Public Security Minister Avi Dichter. However, he said, Israel would consider Gaza a “terrorist entity” and try to cut off its weapons supply. He said this cutoff might require an Israeli deployment along Gaza’s border with Egypt, to halt smuggling.
Israel withdrew from Gaza in 2005, ending a 38-year military occupation.
Dozens of Gazans, meanwhile, converged on the Erez crossing with Israel in hopes of fleeing. One man was carried on top of a luggage trolley with his leg bandaged. Hassan, 21, a presidential guard trainee, said he was shot in the fighting. He gave only his first name because he was afraid of retribution.
About 150 waited at the gate separating Gaza from Israel. Some carried large suitcases, others held tiny plastic bags. One young man shouted, “Bye, bye, Gaza,” and waved as he walked through the covered walkway that leads to the Israeli side.
By Orrin G. Hatch
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