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The violent takeover of Gaza by Hamas has split the Palestinian government in two: a Fatah-allied government in the West Bank and the Hamas leadership in Gaza. The Hamas leadership is headed by deposed Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh in Gaza and the new Cabinet is now led by Mr. Fayyad, a U.S.-educated economist, in the West Bank.

An aide to Mr. Abbas said Iran had encouraged Hamas to use violence to take control of the Gaza Strip.

“Iran supports non-democratic groups in Palestine, Lebanon and in Iraq, and we hold Iran responsible for encouraging Hamas to carry out its coup in Gaza,” Yasser Abed Rabbo said.