- The Washington Times - Saturday, May 26, 2007

Philip M. Kaiser, a former ambassador to Austria, Hungary and Senegal who during the Cuban missile crisis acted to deny the Soviet Union landing rights at airports where its planes might refuel, died May 24. He was 93.

Mr. Kaiser died of aspiration pneumonia at Sibley Hospital in the District, his family said.

Mr. Kaiser, an assistant secretary of labor during the Truman administration, was the U.S. ambassador to Senegal and Mauritania from 1961 to 1964. During the Cuban missile crisis, he persuaded the Senegalese president to deny landing rights to Soviet airplanes.

Mr. Kaiser had earlier accompanied Senegal’s president, Leopold Sedar Senghor, on a visit to the White House, where he had a warm meeting with President Kennedy. When Mr. Kaiser went to see the Senegalese president to ask him to deny the Soviets access to the airport at Dakar, the country’s capital, Mr. Senghor agreed.

Mr. Kaiser graduated from the University of Wisconsin, and as a Rhodes Scholar he earned a bachelor’s and a master’s degree from Oxford University.

From 1959-1961, he was a professor of international relations at American University. Mr. Kaiser served as chairman and managing director of Encyclopedia Britannica from 1969-1975 and was a member of the Board of Guinness Mahon Holdings Ltd. from 1975-1977.

President Carter named Mr. Kaiser ambassador to Hungary in 1977, and he played a key role in persuading the Carter administration to return the Crown of St. Stephen to Hungary in 1978. It had been in American hands since 1945.

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