LAMBRO: Withdrawal weathervanes

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Barack Obama got more than he bargained for from Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki before he had barely begun his military crash course in the Middle East’s war zones.

The freshman senator, making only his second trip to Iraq in two years, after a quick tutorial visit to Afghanistan (his first), got a well-timed campaign gift from Mr. al-Maliki, who embraced his plan to withdraw U.S. combat troops 16 months after taking office.

In an interview with the German magazine Der Spiegel, Mr. al-Maliki refused to take sides in the race, but when asked about Mr. Obama’s pullout timeline, he said, “Whoever is thinking about the shorter term is closer to reality.”

It isn’t new that Mr. al-Maliki supports a U.S. withdrawal of most combat forces from his country as Iraqi troops assume more responsibility for their own security. Negotiations have been continuing for some time about the future role of the U.S. in Iraq and when it will end.

Before Mr. Obama left for Kabul last week, the White House and Mr. al-Maliki had hammered out a security agreement it called a “time horizon” for achieving “aspirational goals” for reducing U.S. combat forces there. It will most likely maintain the status quo for the time being, leaving that decision for the next president to negotiate.

Details of the delicate negotiations were not forthcoming. But Mr. al-Maliki told Der Spiegel, “The Americans have found it difficult to agree on a concrete timetable for the exit because it seems like an admission of defeat to them. But it isn’t.”

Still, support for withdrawal based on conditions on the ground in Iraq was not one-sided. Administration officials, including some commanders on the ground, have been talking about the increasing likelihood that more troops could be withdrawn by September if the security situation continues to improve.

But no sooner were Mr. al-Maliki’s remarks released over the weekend than John McCain and the White House were rebutting any withdrawal by a fixed date that Mr. Obama, apparently, had pulled out of thin air without any thought to the circumstances the Iraqis might face two years from now.

Adm. Mike Mullen, chairman of the Pentagon’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, said “the consequences could be very dangerous.” But Adm. Mullen also made it clear that force reductions were very much in the cards because of the sharp reduction in violence in Iraq, the political progress between Shi’ites and Sunnis, and recent economic gains.

If those conditions continue to improve, Adm. Mullen said he “would look to be able to make recommendations to President Bush in the fall to continue those [U.S. troop] reductions.”

Until this week, American voters were about evenly split over Mr. Obama’s withdrawal plan, with 50 percent supporting his pullout timetable and 49 percent supporting Mr. McCain’s position that “events should dictate when the troops are withdrawn.”

But Mr. al-Maliki has given Mr. Obama’s 2010 timeline some additional credibility, forcing Mr. McCain on Monday to once again remind voters of his rival’s poor national security judgment on Iraq since Day One.

The reason security has dramatically improved in Iraq, giving rise to Mr. al-Maliki’s call for a speedier U.S. withdrawal, was due to the military surge Mr. McCain pushed - but that Mr. Obama opposed and flatly predicted would fail.

“This is the same strategy that he voted against, railed against. He was completely wrong about the surge. It is succeeding and we are winning,” Mr. McCain said.

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