- The Washington Times - Thursday, November 27, 2008

PENSACOLA, Fla. | A Florida man’s quest to find hundreds of U.S. Marines buried anonymously after one of World War II’s bloodiest battles could lead to the largest identification of American war dead in history.

Researchers used ground-penetrating radar, tediously reviewed thousands of military documents and interviewed hundreds of people to find 139 graves. There, they say, lie the remains of men who died 65 years ago out in the Pacific Ocean on Tarawa Atoll.

Mark Noah of Marathon, Fla., raised money for the expedition through his nonprofit, History Flight, by selling vintage military aircraft rides at air shows. He hopes the government will investigate further after research is given to the Defense Department in January, and he hopes the remains are identified and eventually returned to the men’s families.

“There will have to be convincing evidence before we mount an excavation of any spot that could yield remains,” said Larry Greer, spokesman for the Pentagon’s Prisoner of War and Missing in Action Office.

U.S. government archaeologists would likely excavate a small test site first, he said.

James Clayton Johnson never met his uncle, James Bernard Johnson, who died on Tarawa at age 17. But Mr. Johnson, who was named for his father’s brother, never forgot that young Marine.

Now 60 and living near Mr. Noah in the Florida Keys, Mr. Johnson learned of the effort to identify the burial sites of his uncle and 541 other missing U.S. Marines on Tarawa while researching his uncle’s military records online.

More than 990 U.S. Marines and 680 American sailors died and almost 2,300 were wounded in the three-day battle, one of the first major amphibious assaults in the Pacific.

Mr. Johnson, a veteran who led troops into Cambodia as a 21-year-old Army platoon leader during the Vietnam War, isn’t sure having his uncle’s body returned to the U.S. would provide any sort of closure. “There aren’t any open wounds for me that need fixing,” the former special forces soldier said.

But Mr. Johnson wants the world to know about the volunteers committed to preserving the names and stories of thousands of American servicemen.

“My problem is that people don’t care,” he said. “I get pumped up, and I want people to think and look at things like this.”

Mr. Noah, a commercial pilot and longtime World War II history buff, raised the $90,000 for the Tarawa work by selling rides at air shows and partnering with the American Legion, VFW and other groups.

Mr. Noah, 43, and Massachusetts historian Ted Darcy of WFI Research Group reviewed eight burial sites they think contain remains of Americans. They say the claim is backed by burial rosters, casualty cards and combat reports; interviews with construction contractors who found human remains at the sites and locals who have found American artifacts; and other information.

But they will leave the digging to the U.S. government, so the archaeological integrity of the sites won’t be spoiled.

The names of many fallen servicemen were lost as U.S. Navy crews rushed to build desperately needed landing strips on the tiny atoll after the Nov. 20, 1943, invasion. Many of the graves were relocated.

The military didn’t focus on identifying the servicemen who died at Tarawa until 1945, when an Army officer was tasked with documenting the hasty reburials.

“You could sense his frustrations in his reports,” said Mr. Noah, who reviewed all the burial records.

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