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He also oversaw key successes in the Clinton administration, including adoption of the North American Free Trade Agreement and an assault-weapons ban.

Like Mr. Obama, Mr. Emanuel is known for raking in huge amounts of campaign cash, a skill that helped keep Bill Clinton’s 1992 campaign during the Gennifer Flowers sex scandal.

Since his election to Congress in 2002, after making millions as a partner in a Chicago investment bank, Mr. Emanuel rose quickly through the ranks.

He set fundraising records as DCCC chairman. This year the DCCC outspent Republicans by pouring tens of millions of dollars into House races and helped Democrats pick up more than 20 seats Tuesday.

Mr. Emanuel then served as chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee during the 2005-2006 election cycle, when the Democrats regained a majority for the first time since 1994.

“He’s a good tactician. He’s a creative thinker,” Democrat Rep. Danny K. Davis of Illinois told the Associated Press after the 2006 elections. “But I think what probably makes him most successful is that he has the will to follow his convictions.”