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Foes of affirmative action had some cause for celebration. In Nebraska, voters approved Initiative 424, an anti-preferences measure identical to the Colorado amendment, by a margin of 58 percent to 42 percent.

“You didn’t have the far left really going all out for Obama and working to defeat us” in Nebraska, Mr. Connerly said.

The group had originally planned a “Super Tuesday for Civil Rights” with proposals in five states, but was only able to qualify for the Colorado and Nebraska ballots.