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The Maoist rebels opened their campaign to overthrow the monarchy in rural parts of Nepal in 1995. Mr. Bhattarai rose to prominence in rebel ranks during the turmoil that gripped Nepal after Crown Prince Dipendra murdered his father, King Birendra, his mother, Queen Aishwarya, and other members of his family before shooting himself.

In May 2006, the rebels reopened peace talks, which had faltered for years, and signed a peace treaty with the government. In 2007, they achieved their goal when parliament abolished the monarchy.

Mr. Bhattarai won election to parliament in April with 46,000 votes, almost 40,000 more than his closest rival.

• Call Embassy Row at 202/636-3297, fax 202/832-7278 or e-mail James Morrison.