PEARL HARBOR, Hawaii | Ed Johann will always remember the sound of planes diving out of the sky to bomb U.S. battleships, the explosions and the screams of sailors. He still recalls the stench of burning oil and flesh.
The 86-year-old retired firefighter is due to return Monday to Pearl Harbor for the first time since World War II to attend a ceremony marking the 68th anniversary of the Japanese attack.
"I really don't know how I'm going to handle it," said Mr. Johann, from his home in Oregon. "When I think about it, all I have is unpleasantness. I'm sure it's not like that now."
Mr. Johann was a teenage apprentice seaman on Dec. 7, 1941. He had enlisted in the Navy only five months earlier so his parents, who picked and packed tomatoes and other crops in California's San Fernando Valley, wouldn't have to support him.
He and two other sailors were waiting to ferry passengers on a small boat to and from the USS Solace, a hospital ship that was moored in Pearl Harbor, when they saw the Japanese planes.
Mr. Johann's boat rushed to the USS Arizona, which was hit by several bombs, one of which struck its forward ammunition magazines and set off a massive explosion. Already fueled and manned when the attack began, their 30-foot boat was the first rescue vessel to arrive at the scene.
They found the water littered with people -- some wounded, some dead, some unharmed. Many were covered in the leaking oil from the ships.
The planes kept coming. Dive-bombers plunged out of the sky, dropping bombs and strafing the water and ships with machine-gun fire before roaring back up for another round. Torpedo bombers flew in level to drop their submersible weapons for underwater assaults.
The attack sank four U.S. battleships and destroyed 188 U.S. planes. Another four battleships were damaged, along with three cruisers and three destroyers.
More than 2,200 sailors, Marines and soldiers were killed.
"We didn't survive by any skill," Mr. Johann said of his boat. "It was just luck, pure luck. Because all we were concentrating on was trying to save people, and not save ourselves."
Mr. Johann served the rest of the war on the USS Wright, a seaplane tender. After 1945, he returned to California, where he worked in sawmills before moving to Portland, Ore., where he spent 28 years as a firefighter. He retired to a beach cottage in Lincoln City, where he served on the City Council, helping build hiking trails and campaigning against domestic violence.
For years, Mr. Johann said he wouldn't go to the annual observance in Hawaii in honor of those killed in the attack. But now that he's 86, it seemed liked a good idea.
"If I'm ever going to do anything like that, I'd better do it now," Mr. Johann said. His son, who lives in Maui, will accompany him.
Organizers expect between 40 and 50 survivors of the attack to attend. Overall, about 2,000 people are expected to attend the ceremony on a pier overlooking the spot where the Arizona sank.
The remains of more than 1,000 sailors and Marines are still on board, and small drops of oil continue to rise from the battleship.