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“This limit commits the G-8 to follow the science which is good. But 2050 is too far off to matter - poor people are being hit today,” said Antonio Hill, a spokesman for Oxfam, an international aid charity. “We must see emissions cuts of at least 40 percent by 2020 and G-8 money to help the poorest countries cope with climate chaos.”

The G-8 nations are the United States, Russia, Japan, Italy, France, the United Kingdom, Canada and Germany. The Major Economies Forum is made up of those nations and Australia, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, South Korea, Mexico and South Africa and the European Union.

The G-8 also agreed to release its first report on how well the member nations are living up to their international aid commitments - apparently a step toward demanding accountability from Italy and France, in particular. Both nations have been criticized by aid groups for shirking their pledges.

Still, the report does not force recalcitrant nations to take specific steps, but rather leaves remediation up to those countries.

“Getting the data out there is the first step,” said Michael Froman, deputy national security adviser for international economic affairs, who is Mr. Obama’s chief adviser to these meetings.