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It was advice linked to the parting of the Red Sea mentioned in Exodus 9:6, he said, and not applicable during later centuries.

Some Jewish leaders pointed out that President Obama’s recently visited a World War II German concentration camp.

“We are especially shocked that this happened less than one week after President Obama was in Buchenwald denouncing Holocaust deniers. This just reinforces the need for good citizens of all faiths to stand up to denounce hatred and bigotry in their community, and not just denounce it, but confront it, and not think it’s someone else’s problem,” said Ron Halber, executive director of the Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Washington.

“Violent actors like this try to instill fear in Americans - in this case, American Jews - to change their daily lives and their patterns, but we are not going to give in to hate and fear,” he added.

Mr. Diament also brought up the president’s recent trip to Buchenwald as “a powerful response to the Holocaust.”

He added, “This [shooting] is both a tragic and offensive event; tragic, that innocent museum visitors were terrorized and that a brave security guard [was killed]; offensive, that someone would trespass upon a place where hate-inspired violence of the past is remembered for the sake of diminishing it in the present.”

Israeli Information and Diaspora Minister Yuli Edelstein told reporters in Jerusalem that the shooting was “further proof that anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial have not passed from the world.”

Also Wednesday, two Muslim groups issued statements denouncing the attack.

“We condemn this apparent bias-motivated attack and stand with the Jewish community and with Americans of all faiths in repudiating the kind of hatred and intolerance that can lead to such disturbing incidents,” said a release from the Council on American-Islamic Relations.

American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee National Executive Director Kareem Shora called the attack “revolting.”

“The ADC is consistent in condemning hate-motivated crimes and any attacks aimed at civilians, no matter who the victims or the perpetrators may be,” he said.

Rabbi Eric Yoffie, president of the Union for Reform Judaism, said he was grateful that quick action by police and security guards prevented further violence.

“That today’s shooting at the United States Holocaust Museum should take place at a site expressly created to teach the world about the destruction and devastation brought about by human evil deepens the resonance of this terrible act,” he said.