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To compensate the car companies for ending production of their most profitable lines, the government will give more subsidies for clean-energy research, he said.

The political interference will prevent the reorganized automakers from succeeding, despite the fresh start afforded by their dip into bankruptcy, said Peter Schiff, president of Euro Pacific Capital.

“With Washington calling all the shots, the potential for long-term viability has been dashed,” he said. “Giving control of Chrysler and GM to the [United Auto Workers] and the government enshrines a culture of failure and seals Detroit’s fate.”

Mr. Schiff predicted that “both companies will become government-sponsored entities, not too dissimilar from Amtrak or the post office, forever relying on taxpayer funds to create products of dubious quality.”

In Congress, only a few Republicans have raised strenuous objections to the administration’s auto bailouts, including the diversion of money from the bank bailout fund. Some have suggested that the money being returned by big banks such as JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. should be used to reduce the national debt rather than pay for more bailouts.

Democratic leaders have mostly gone along with the White House game plan, though a few have complained that it doesn’t go far enough in protecting important political constituencies. Sen. John D. Rockefeller IV, West Virginia Democrat, said in a hearing last week that the Chrysler deal did not give dealers enough time to wind down their businesses.

Such demands from Congress are likely to increase the cost of the auto bailout. A line already is forming at the Treasury as hard-hit auto suppliers, dealers and financing companies plead their cases of hardship in the wake of the bankruptcies. Many have found a sympathetic ear.

Meanwhile, the Treasury has suddenly found itself with the wherewithal to finance the growing auto bailout, thanks to the shrinking size of its bank bailout efforts. Big banks that received bailout funds last year have been laying plans to return as much as $40 billion to $50 billion to the Treasury, motivated by the desire to get out of government restrictions on executive pay and dividends.

The Treasury and Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. last week quietly postponed their much-heralded program for selling toxic bank assets, which was expected to cost $75 billion, for lack of interest on Wall Street. An $85 billion plan to revive lending for small businesses and consumers has been slow to get off the ground and has required little contribution from the Treasury.

Last month, after much publicity and consternation over how much more bailout funds banks would need after submitting to the Treasury’s stress tests, the only institution that ended up receiving more assistance from the fund was GM’s former lending arm, GMAC.