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Whether the law can survive the referendum process remains to be seen. No state has approved same-sex marriage via the ballot box, while 30 states have approved defense of marriage amendments through both popular and legislative votes.

In November, California voters passed Proposition 8, which overturned a state Supreme Court decision legalizing marriage.

“We are expecting a ballot challenge of some kind, and we’re fully ready to fight,” said Janson Wu, staff lawyer for Gay and Lesbian Advocates and Defenders.