President Obama announced fewer budget cuts and for a lesser dollar amount than President George W. Bush did in his final budget - and is counting on being able to eliminate some programs that his predecessor repeatedly tried, but failed, to slash.
Obama administration officials said they’re convinced they’ll have more luck eliminating programs such as Even Start, an early childhood education program that Mr. Bush put on the chopping block year after year but which both Democrats and Republicans in Congress refused to cut.
On Thursday Mr. Obama called for reducing or eliminating 121 programs for $17 billion in savings in fiscal 2010, including many defense cuts the administration already announced.
“None of this is going to be easy and no one ever pretended that it would be, but we are trying to do the right thing here and I think the context has significantly changed,” said a senior administration official whom the White House allowed to brief reporters early on the condition of anonymity.
The budget also takes care of some touchy issues. Mr. Obama included $12.2 million for the D.C. Opportunity Scholarships Program with the intention of allowing students enrolled in the program to remain in it until they graduate. However, no new students will be granted scholarships.
Mr. Obama’s cuts amount to less than half of 1 percent of the $3.5 trillion budget Congress approved for 2010. About half of the $17 billion in cuts are from defense programs, including many that already have been announced.
The Obama administration said it will have better luck in cutting than the Bush White House did because of a perceived change in attitude in Congress - but it’s almost certainly a false hope, said Douglas Holtz-Eakin, the former head of the Congressional Budget Office who was a top campaign official for Sen. John McCain’s presidential campaign last year.
“The party never ended. I was wrong,” Mr. Holtz-Eakin said.
He said in recent years that the president regularly has proposed between $15 billion and $20 billion in budget cuts, and Congress promptly disregards most of them.
“We know how this works,” he said. “The administration sends this up; Congress says ‘Thank you very much’ and doesn’t immediately begin working on them.” He said if Congress does eventually find some cuts it’s willing to accept, the money is redirected toward other programs, and doesn’t produce any savings for taxpayers.