WASHINGTON — An American cardinal on Sunday issued a plea for the rights of the unborn at a church service that included Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., six members of the Supreme Court and hundreds of members of the legal community.
Five of the six Roman Catholics on the high court — Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and Justices Sonia Sotomayor, Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy and Samuel A. Alito Jr. — heard the homily by Cardinal Daniel DiNardo; the sixth, Justice Clarence Thomas, did not attend. Justice Stephen G. Breyer, who is Jewish, was there as well.
Speaking at the annual Red Mass the day before the opening of the Supreme Court term, Cardinal DiNardo said that people represented by lawyers are "more than clients. … In some cases the clients are voiceless for they lack influence; in others they are literally voiceless, not yet with tongues and even without names, and require our most careful attention and radical support."
As Cardinal DiNardo spoke, protesters opposed to abortion demonstrated in front of the church.
Cardinal DiNardo did not elaborate on the rights of the unborn, focusing instead on how the complexity of the law can have a dehumanizing effect on those who practice it.
Increasing specialization within the law is "dizzying" and such formal knowledge "frequently becomes semi-mechanical, even distancing," Cardinal DiNardo said at the Cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle. "The law and lawyers are around because justice among human beings will always be an issue."
"Even sophisticated knowledgeable human lawyers need reminding, need a divine fire … both in their personal lives and in their profession itself."
The Red Mass has been held since 1953 at the cathedral by the John Carroll Society, a group of Washington professionals who are Catholic.
The name of the service, which dates to the 13th century and is conducted to ask for guidance for those who seek justice, comes from the red vestments worn by the celebrants.
Cardinal DiNardo, the newest U.S. cardinal, is archbishop of Galveston-Houston.
The Supreme Court's caseload this term involves an important challenge to gun control at the state and local level. A separate case deals with whether the presence of a cross in the Mojave National Preserve violates First Amendment religious protections.
Also attending Sunday's Mass were Republican National Committee Chairman Michael S. Steele, Interior Secretary Ken Salazar and Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood.