Fishing legacy fades away from New England ports

Sunk by regulation

Yuliyan Bodurov is working this summer in Wychmere Harbor, where he unloads containers of conch on the Peggy B. Fishermen faced with low catch limits are starting to sell out to larger interests. (Associated Press)Yuliyan Bodurov is working this summer in Wychmere Harbor, where he unloads containers of conch on the Peggy B. Fishermen faced with low catch limits are starting to sell out to larger interests. (Associated Press)
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PLYMOUTH, Mass. | Mike Secondo remembers the days when Plymouth’s docks outshone its rock.

Tourists swarmed the town pier in the 1970s and ‘80s, snapping pictures and bantering with commercial fishermen as they unloaded another shimmering haul for Mr. Secondo’s company, Reliable Fish, to truck to points south.

Mr. Secondo is convinced that Plymouth tourists went home remembering the fishermen more than Plymouth Rock, which commemorates the Pilgrims’ landing in 1620.

“You couldn’t move, [the tourists] were in awe of what they were looking at, the fish, the boats, the conversations that we were having,” he said. “I mean, it was something years ago.”

Today, Plymouth’s fishermen are all but gone. Last year, according to federal statistics, Plymouth had zero landings of groundfish — such as cod, haddock and flounder.

Tough rules enacted in May have fishermen at New England’s major ports, Gloucester and New Bedford, worried that their history will fade away as fishermen faced with low catch limits sell out to larger interests. It’s already happened in smaller ports, slowly changing the character of the New England coast.

Groundfishing has historically employed large numbers in good jobs. The romance of the deep-sea pursuit of fin fish is embedded in a region where its most famous cape is named after its most famous fish, the cod. People don’t want that way of life to become just a memory.

“Is it progress to switch to a waterfront that produces food to a waterfront that hosts cocktail parties?” asked Warren Doty, a selectman in Chilmark on Martha’s Vineyard, where fishermen are struggling to preserve a working waterfront on Menemsha Harbor.

A recent analysis indicates how densely the Northeast industry has consolidated around the major remaining ports.

The study by Cap Log Group Inc. and funded in part by the Environmental Defense Fund indicates that 31 million pounds of the 38 million pounds of groundfish caught in 2007 in Massachusetts, or 82 percent, were landed by vessels from either New Bedford, Gloucester or Boston.

Meanwhile, federal statistics show groundfishing has withered or vanished in numerous small and midsized ports in the past 30 years.

Rockland, in midcoast Maine, landed 16 million pounds of groundfish three decades ago, but none last year. Jerry Carvalho said fishing boats once jammed city docks in Newport, R.I., where he’s fished for three decades. Now, Newport is a tourist town that sells its beauty and Gilded Age history — but almost no fish. The city went from 14 million pounds of groundfish in 1980 to a scant 37,000 in 2009.

In 1995, Marblehead, Mass., landed a half-million pounds of groundfish; South Bristol, Maine, landed 870,000; and Harwich Port on Cape Cod had 1.2 million. The total for each port last year was zero. (Federal rules don’t require ports with fewer than three fishermen or dealers to report their catch.)

Tom Luce used longline hook-and-line gear to fish for cod off Harwich Port in the 1990s, until the fish seemed to go away. He has switched to fishing for conch, an edible mollusk, but other fishermen have left the harbor.

“It was just more lively [then],” he said. “There was product coming off the dock. And, now, there really isn’t much.”

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