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One woman in the refugee village of Barrancabermeja, Maria Anna Narvais, said she found out from a neighbor that she was on the list, as was her husband. “We have no idea why,” she said. “Some of the people on the list are old women. What can they do?”

Some of the most remote refugee villages have escaped violence. Providencia, on the San Miguel River, remained isolated from any institutions or officials for 18 years until a team from the United Nations came looking for it two years ago.

But grueling poverty and a lack of basic services are facts of life. Alfredo Ordonez Rodriguez and other farmers feed their families of three or four on $1 a day. They live in open shacks. They have no medical clinics, no electricity, not even a boat. Now, they are worried about what the Ecuadorean military might do.

Ecuador’s ambassador to the United States, Luis Gallegos, explained in a telephone interview the extent to which his country has absorbed the human costs of Colombia’s war and counternarcotics programs. He said the special rapporteur’s report was requested by the Ecuadorean government, which is “dealing very precisely with what it contains.”

“We estimate that we have 130,000 Colombian refugees and of those we have given official papers to more than 60,000,” he said, adding that the United Nations has commended Ecuador for its humane treatment of refugees.

He also said that Colombia should step up efforts to help Ecuador deal with the refugee problem and that the core conflict will persist as long as people in Europe and the United States continue to consume billions of dollars worth of cocaine.

Ecuador’s problem is that it’s sweating and bleeding money on that border to deal with a problem it did not create,” he said. “I don’t want to be another Cambodia in a conflict which is not mine.”