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Iranians “suppose that these sanctions could have a significant impact on import and export,” he told the AP in a telephone interview from New Delhi.

The new U.N. resolution seeks to crack down on the problem of evading sanctions and established a group of experts to gather information and analyze countries’ efforts to implement them.

Meanwhile, an adviser to Iran’s supreme leader, Ali Akbar Velayati, rejected the idea of Tehran giving up its nuclear program, insisting American threats will not deter Iran. He spoke during a trip to Syria.

The chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff said last week the U.S. military has a plan to attack Iran, although he thinks a military strike is probably a bad idea. Still, Adm. Mike Mullen said the risk of Iran developing a nuclear weapon is unacceptable.

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Associated Press writers Juergen Baetz in Berlin, Albert Aji in Damascus, Syria, and Ali Akbar Dareini in Tehran contributed to this report.