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Thomas Witt, president of the Kansas Equality Coalition, said he also worried that transgendered people could be turned away at the polls because their identification might not reflect their gender.

“Birth certificates do not reflect their gender,” Mr. Witt said. “I’ve already heard from transgendered people having a hard time voting because they haven’t changed all their documents. Right there, you’re having people being disenfranchised.”

During the campaign, Mr. Kobach’s foes asked whether a voter-fraud law was necessary, given that the state has had only six convictions since 2002 and some of those cases involved people voting in Kansas and then another state, a situation Mr. Kobach’s proposal wouldn’t cover.

Cracked Ms. Krehbiel, “As one of our coalition members said, you have a better chance of being bitten by a great white shark than finding a voter-fraud case in Kansas.”

Mr. Kobach countered that Kansas voters must be concerned about the issue, given that they elected him overwhelmingly.

“I won by a landslide, and I clearly made stopping voter fraud my No. 1 issue,” Mr. Kobach said. “I feel like I have a mandate, and I hope legislators will also see that.”

On the other hand, Ms. Krehbiel said, his election could be attributed to other factors.

“He’s very young, attractive and personable. He speaks very well,” said Ms. Krehbiel. “While he claims this mandate is a result of his platform, I don’t think that’s why he won.”

Mr. Kobach appears to have the law on his side. Indiana’s voter-fraud law, which requires voters to show unexpired, government-issued photo I.D. at the polls, was upheld by the Supreme Court in 2008 and again by the Indiana Supreme Court in June.