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Congress has not passed its appropriations bills before the start of the fiscal year in 15 years.

Three continuing resolutions have been passed this year, and the latest is scheduled to expire Tuesday night, which explains Mr. Reid’s demand for quick action. Both the Senate and House must act, and then send the bill to President Obama for his signature.

The record was set during debate over fiscal year 2001 spending, when Congress passed 21 continuing resolutions, according to the Congressional Research Service.