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Senate Republicans last week blocked a move by Democrats to advance an almost $1.3 trillion spending bill to wrap up the unfinished budget work. The 1,924-page measure contained more than 6,700 home-state pet projects that Republicans have promised to give up.

The measure makes only a handful of funding adjustments from current levels, for example by cutting the Census budget way back since the decennial count has been completed.

It also implements Mr. Obama’s recent proposal to freeze the salaries of federal civilian workers for two years.

The measure also provides $5.7 billion for the Pell Grant program, which provides grants of up to $5,550 to college students from low-income families.