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In Washington, State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley reaffirmed U.S. support for the award.

“We think there absolutely should be a ceremony. We think there absolutely should be recognition. We think that Mr. Liu and his wife should be there to be able to receive the award,” Mr. Crowley said at a Wednesday briefing.

While 18 governments — mostly close allies and fellow authoritarian states — have said they would not attend the ceremony in Oslo, the decision by the Philippines and Serbia to boycott the ceremony drew heated protests from human rights groups.

Questioned about China’s pressuring countries not to send representatives to the ceremony, the Foreign Ministry’s Ms. Jiang said attendance would be viewed as a sign of disrespect for China.

“We hope those countries that have received the invitation can tell right from wrong, uphold justice,” Ms. Jiang said at a regularly scheduled news conference.

On Thursday, in a chaotic ceremony, former Taiwanese Vice President Lien Chan was honored with the first Confucius Peace Prize — intended to put forth China’s idea of peace, the organization committee said.

Mr. Lien was absent, and his aides seemed not to know anything about it. Instead, a small, unnamed, ponytailed girl accepted it on his behalf. It is not known what connection, if any, she had with Mr. Lien.

Tan Changliu, chairman of the awards committee, said the new prize should not be linked with the Nobel laureate.

“We don’t want to link this peace prize with those three words,” Mr. Tan said, referring to Liu Xiaobo’s name.