CHICAGO (AP) - Hugh Hefner’s offer to take Playboy Enterprises Inc. private drew the promise of a competing bid on Monday from the owner of archrival Penthouse magazine. That raises the possibility that Playboy’s 84-year-old founder could lose control of the men’s magazine he started more than half a century ago.
Playboy said Monday that Hefner has lined up backing from a little-known private equity firm to buy the shares of the media empire that he doesn’t already own and take the company private in a deal that values the organization at $185 million.
A few hours later, Marc Bell, the CEO of Penthouse owner FriendFinder, said his company will make a formal bid soon. Bell had acquired Penthouse as part of a 2003 bankruptcy reorganization that also saw the resignation of founder Robert Guccione as the company’s CEO.
Playboy, which Hefner launched in 1953, had its most popular years in the 1970s and has been struggling recently to stay profitable amid dwindling ad revenue and increased competition from free alternatives online.
The racy magazine, which still generates the largest share of the company’s revenue, sold about 311 ad pages last year, down from 765 in 2000, according to the Publishers Information Bureau. Its average circulation has fallen by about a million over the same period to 2.02 million copies.
These days, most of the company’s profits come from licensing its brand for consumer products such as men’s underwear, women’s lingerie, watches, energy drinks and slot machines.
Playboy’s licensing unit reported income of $21 million last year, followed by $9.9 million from the company’s television properties and just $1.6 million from the magazine and its website. Factoring in corporate overhead, costs related to layoffs and write-downs on the value of its assets, though, Playboy reported a net loss of $51.3 million in 2009.
Playboy’s stock price has tumbled since hitting a peak in 1999 of more than $32. It has traded between $2.30 and $5.22 over the past year, but jumped on the potential buyout Monday. It was up $1.34, or 34 percent, to $5.28 in afternoon trading.
Based on the number of shares outstanding on April 30, Hefner’s proposal offers $122.5 million, or $5.50 for each share he doesn’t already own. That’s a nearly 40 percent premium above Friday’s closing stock price of $3.94.
Penthouse was founded by Guccione in 1965 as a racier competitor to Playboy, but Guccione resigned in 2003 after the magazine’s parent company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. After Bell acquired the company, he spent $500 million in 2007 to buy Various Inc., a California company that runs some two dozen adult websites. The following year, Penthouse Media Group changed its name to FriendFinder Networks Inc.
FriendFinder, which also produces adult videos and licenses adult content, shelved its plans to go public earlier this year, blaming the poor market conditions. Executives had hoped to raise at least $200 million in the transaction.
In late 2008, Hefner’s daughter Christie resigned as chairman and CEO. Scott Flanders replaced her last summer. Since then, speculation has mounted that Playboy would seek a suitor, for a merger or acquisition.
But that’s something Hefner appears to oppose. In his letter to Playboy’s board of directors, Hefner said he has no plans to sell his shares _ or the company. He rebuffed any suggestion that there should be a merger between Playboy and other potential bidders.
Playboy, which is headquartered in Chicago, described Hefner’s offer letter as a proposal and said there was no guarantee it would get any formal bid from Hefner. But if it does, the board of directors will form a special committee to consider the bid.
Andrew Vanacore reported from New York.