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Many of those out of work don’t receive unemployment benefits. Only those who have lost jobs through no fault of their own are eligible. Applicants must also have earned certain minimum pay, set by the states.

Partly because of the extensions, about two-thirds of the nearly 15 million unemployed are receiving unemployment aid. That’s a greater proportion than in previous downturns. The Obama administration’s stimulus package encouraged many states to expand eligibility to part-time workers and other groups.