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Gen. Petraeus calls for unity in Afghanistan war
Question of the Day
KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — Gen. David Petraeus, the new commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, called Saturday for unity in the civilian and military effort to turn back the Taliban, saying, “In this important endeavor, cooperation is not optional.”
In his first public comments since he arrived Friday night to assume command of the international military mission in Afghanistan, Petraeus said he would work to improve coordination between troops on the battlefield and civilians trying to bolster the Afghan government and improve the lives of the people.
His predecessor, Gen. Stanley McChrystal, was fired last month for intemperate remarks that he and his aides made to Rolling Stone magazine about Obama administration officials, mostly on the civilian side.
“Civilian and military, Afghanistan and international, we are part of one team with one mission,” Petraeus told about 1,700 invited guests, including Afghan government and military and police officials gathered at the U.S. Embassy for a pre-Fourth of July celebration marking American independence. His message to the Afghans in the audience: “Your success is our success.”
Petraeus, widely credited with turning around the U.S. war effort in Iraq, is taking over the 130,000-member NATO-led international force at a time of rising violence and growing doubts in Washington and other allied capitals about the effectiveness of the counterinsurgency strategy, which Petraeus pioneered. June was the deadliest month for the allied force since the war began in October 2001 with 102 deaths, more than half of them Americans.
The general, who formally assumes the command at a ceremony Sunday, was spending time on Saturday receiving his first operational update from the NATO staff and in meetings with Afghan President Hamid Karzai, ground commander Lt. Gen. David Rodriguez and the chief of the NATO training command, Lt. Gen. William Caldwell.
Underscoring the message of unity, U.S. Ambassador Karl Eikenberry called Petraeus a “great friend.” Eikenberry handed the general an access pass to the heavily guarded embassy across the street from NATO headquarters in Kabul.
In return, Petraeus said: “I feel like one of the team now. It’s a pleasure to be your Ranger buddy at this critical time.”
“We’ll keep at it. We’ll persevere,” Eikenberry said. “We’re committed for the long term.”
McChrystal was fired after telling Rolling Stone, among other things, that he felt “betrayed” by Eikenberry’s opposition last year to the general’s request for a substantial increase in U.S. troops in Afghanistan because the ambassador had doubts about the reliability of Karzai. Eikenberry’s opposition to the troop increase, which Obama approved, was contained in diplomatic cables leaked in Washington, a move McChrystal suspected was aimed at protecting the ambassador if the war effort failed.
But Saturday’s messages of unity sought to turn the page on past tensions. The gathering was upbeat. A rock band played. Dignitaries sat in tents eating popcorn, hamburgers, fried chicken, cupcakes and ice cream. Tiny American flags lined the sidewalks of the U.S. Embassy compound, which was adorned in red-white-and-blue bunting.
The positive tone, however, was dampened by talk of Friday’s attack on a four-story house used by an American aid organization in the northern city of Kunduz and the accidental killing of civilians during a raid.
Taliban suicide attackers stormed the house, killing four people before dying in a five-hour gunbattle with Afghan security forces. The pre-dawn attack appeared part of a militant campaign against international development organizations at a time when the U.S. and its allies are trying to accelerate civilian aid efforts to turn back the Taliban.
And during the picnic, NATO issued a statement acknowledging the deaths on Friday of two Afghan civilians, including a woman, during a joint raid with Afghan troops to arrest a Taliban deputy commander in the Kandahar area.
During the raid, an Afghan man left a compound and “demonstrated hostile intent,” NATO said. Troops opened fire, wounding the man. When troops entered the compound, they found an Afghan woman dead from stray rounds and another man wounded, the alliance said. One of the two wounded men later died.
“The joint security force, along with local elders and government officials, are working together to review this unfortunate incident,” NATO said.
Separately, NATO said an international service member was killed Friday in southern Afghanistan. Also in the south, two Afghan civilians were killed, one child was missing and three women were wounded after their car hit a roadside bomb near Qalat city in Zabul province, provincial spokesman Mohammad Jan Rasoolyar said.
In eastern Afghanistan, a joint force captured a Taliban commander and three other insurgents late Friday in Nangarhar province, NATO said. It said the commander helped members of the Pakistan-based militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba infiltrate into Afghanistan. India has blamed Lashkar-e-Taiba for the November 2008 attacks in Mumbai that killed 166 people.
In the southeastern province of Khost, police said militants from the feared Haqqani group, a Taliban faction, abducted 10 local elders and killed at least five of them.
The Haqqani militants showed up Friday night in Spera district disguised as Afghan soldiers and asked local elders to attend a meeting, provincial police chief Abdul-Hakim Ishaqzai said. There, they selected 10 men, telling them they were invited to another meeting.
Five of the elders were slain and their bodies sent to their villages Saturday, the police chief said. The others remain missing. The leader of the Haqqani gunmen was Nasrat Jamal, a well-known insurgent in the area, the police chief said.
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