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Pakistan has benefited from U.S. military technology long before India became an economic powerhouse in the region.

“While Pakistan has in the past received American defense hardware in significant amounts, sometimes causing much trepidation in India, it’s likely that India’s broader security interests and greater resources will result in ever more major defense procurement from abroad, and U.S. suppliers seem well-poised to provide the kind of capabilities and technologies that Indian security planners seek,” said K. Alan Kronstadt, a specialist in South Asian affairs at the Congressional Research Service.

The Washington Times reported last month that Pakistan has sought $2.5 billion in U.S. arms, including helicopter gunships, tanks, armored personnel carriers and air-defense missiles. Pakistan also wants unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones.

According to a paper by Mr. Kronstadt, major post-2001 defense supplies provided, or soon to be provided, by the U.S. to Pakistan include:

• Eight P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft and their refurbishment (valued at $474 million, two delivered).

• About 5,250 TOW anti-armor missiles ($186 million; 2,007 delivered).

• Six AN/TPS-77 surveillance radars ($100 million).

• Six C-130E transport aircraft and their refurbishment ($76 million).

• Five refurbished SH-2I Super Seasprite maritime helicopters ($67 million).

• One ex-Oliver Hazard Perry class missile frigate ($65 million).

• 20 AH-1F Cobra attack helicopters ($48 million, 12 refurbished and delivered).

• 121 refurbished TOW missile launchers ($25 million).

Pakistan will pay for 18 new F-16C/D Block 50/52 combat aircraft valued at $1.43 billion, 100 Harpoon anti-ship missiles ($298 million), 500 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles ($95 million); and six Phalanx Close-In Weapons System naval guns ($80 million).

The first three of the 18 F-16s were delivered late last month to Pakistan.

“In comparison with Pakistan, defense cooperation between the United States and India is still in the relatively early stages of development,” Mr. Kronstadt said. “Yet we have seen rapid and unprecedented progress in this realm, and defense trade is emerging as a central aspect of the U.S.-India partnership in the new century.”

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