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Israel says its commandos were attacked with “knives, clubs and other weapons” by activists on board the ships and that they opened fire in self-defense. Nine activists were killed in the operation.

Turkey, Israel’s closest Muslim ally, has led international criticism of the incident.

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused Israel of a “bloody massacre” in an address to Parliament.

Mr. Malka said the Israeli-Turkish relationship has “deteriorated dramatically” over the past two years and that the Gaza incident “will drive an even deeper wedge between the former allies.”