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Women of war fight to keep stories alive
Question of the Day
Garage sales and quilt raffles helped a determined group of female World War II veterans raise money to transform a run-down wall at Arlington National Cemetery into a grand stone memorial to women who served their country. But those women are dying off, even as the memorial runs short of funds.
With women now involved more heavily in combat jobs, those early organizers hope a new generation will step up to the challenge of keeping the memorial open so military women’s stories won’t be lost.
The dedication of the memorial that today is visitors’ first view of the cemetery was such a joyous event that 40,000 people attended in 1997. One of them, a 101-year-old World War I veteran named Frieda Mae Hardin, was met with cheers when she told the crowd that women considering military careers should “go for it.”
Even as a steady flow of visitors enters its doors, the deaths of about three-quarters of the 400,000 women who served in World War II have left the memorial honoring military women of all eras without many of its loyal benefactors, though some still visit.
“Most of them are in wheelchairs and they are ill. All of their hair is white, and I look and I think, who knows how long we’ve got left. We just want to do our best while we’re here,” said Lorraine Dieterle, 84, a World War II veteran stationed in New York as a photographer for the Coast Guard who volunteers at the memorial.
The recession and a post-Sept. 11 decline in bookstore sales inside the memorial have made it harder to raise the private dollars that make up a large share of the memorial’s $2.7 million annual budget.
Things looked so bleak last year that keeping the memorial open became an “iffy” proposition, said retired Air Force Brig. Gen. Wilma Vaught, 80, a Vietnam veteran and president of the board of directors of the Women in Military Service for America Memorial Foundation.
The memorial remained afloat thanks to a $1.6 million congressional appropriation and a special fundraising drive that has brought in $250,000. But paying bills remains a challenge, Gen. Vaught said.
“You’re constantly wondering if you’re going to get enough money to pay for the rent, pay for the electricity for the building, pay for the people that work,” she said in an interview near the entrance of the memorial, which features exhibits and rooms used for gatherings after funerals and support group meetings of families of the fallen. “It’s always with you.”
The fundraising problems have arisen as American women serve in combat as convoy drivers and gunners. More than 230,000 women have served in Iraq and Afghanistan, and more than 120 have died in the wars.
Memorial organizers hope the newest generation of female service members will step forward. They want more of them to donate as well as participate in memorial activities and enter their stories into the memorial’s computerized registry, which includes the biographies of an estimated 241,000 of the 2.5 million women who have served in the U.S. military.
“For some women, they have this idea this is something you do when you retire or it’s something you do when you’ve done some accomplishment. That really isn’t it,” Gen. Vaught said. “The mere fact that you’re serving is all that needs to be true.”
The $22 million memorial took more than a decade to plan and construct. It was the brainchild of a group of female World War II veterans who felt the stories of the women who served in the war were too often left out of museums.
Mrs. Dieterle recalled that she and other veterans in Michigan held countless garage sales and sold doughnuts to raise money for it. Organizers eventually were able to get the financial support of states across the country, foreign countries and corporations to help get it opened.
She described the dedication day as one of “exultation.”
By Andrew P. Napolitano
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