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Mr. Rangel previously conceded that he had made errors and was guilty of sloppy bookkeeping, but denied wrongdoing. He declined to comment when confronted by reporters in a House office building hallway after the verdict was announced.

Many Democrats, including Mr. Rangel’s fellow colleagues on the Congressional Black Caucus, declined to comment Tuesday.

The panel was unable to reach an agreement on one charge against Mr. Rangel regarding a possible violation of the House gifts rules. Two charges dealing with accused breaches of the chamber’s rules regarding mail were merged into one, of which the panel found Mr. Rangel in violation.

New York Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said Tuesday that he hopes Mr. Rangel will remain in Congress.

“I supported him. His constituents want him,” the mayor said. “Congress has got to do what Congress has got to do, and decide their regulations and enforce them. But remember, Charlie Rangel did a lot for New York City and we shouldn’t forget that.”