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The House has expelled five members in its history. The most recent was James Traficant, Ohio Democrat, who had been convicted of felony corruption charges. Three of the congressmen on the list were Southern representatives at the time of the Civil War.

The government ethics watchdog group CREW this week called on Mr. Rangel to resign, and House Republicans have used the case - and a second pending case against another prominent Democrat, Rep. Maxine Waters of California - to a deride promises by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, California Democrat, to “drain the swamp” of corruption on Capitol Hill.