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Leading the growth surge is China, the world’s second-largest economy. Growth in China is forecast to be 10.5 percent this year and 9.6 percent next year.

Brazil’s economy is expected to grow 7.5 percent this year before slowing to 4.1 percent next year.

The IMF said the recovery from the recession remains vulnerable to threats, including soaring budget deficits in many nations. It says credible plans to cut deficits are urgently needed.

The IMF’s latest World Economic Outlook indicates that more than 210 million people across the globe are unemployed. That’s an increase of more than 30 million since 2007 before the recession began.

For the global economy to continue growing, the IMF said, advanced economies such as the United States will need to see stronger spending by consumers and growth in exports.

The administration has intensified its criticism of China over its currency. Washington contends that Beijing must move faster to allow the yuan to rise in value against the dollar. American manufacturers contend that the yuan is undervalued by up to 40 percent, giving Chinese producers a big price edge over U.S. companies.

A senior Treasury Department official told reporters Tuesday that the need to reform currency policies would be a big part of the discussions. The official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss U.S. positions in advance of the meetings.

The House, before adjourning for the midterm elections, approved legislation to impose economic sanctions on countries such as China that are found to have manipulated currencies to gain trade advantages. The Senate is unlikely to approve the measure this year. But House passage might give the administration more leverage with China on the currency issue.

Lawmakers are under pressure to act at a time of high unemployment in the United States. More than 8 million people lost their jobs during the recession, and the unemployment rate remains stuck near double-digit levels.