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Taliban set preconditions for formal peace talks
Question of the Day
KABUL, Afghanistan (AP) — Taliban officials have engaged in periodic, discreet contacts with Afghan and U.S. officials for months but are unwilling to move to formal peace negotiations until the U.S. agrees to a timetable for the withdrawal of all foreign troops, according to a Pakistani intelligence official and members of a newly formed Afghan peace council.
The White House said Wednesday that President Obama supports attempts by the Afghan government to open peace talks with Taliban leaders, but still wants the insurgents to renounce violence and their support of al Qaeda.
The Post quoted Afghan and Arab sources as saying they believe for the first time that Taliban representatives are fully authorized to speak for the Quetta Shura, the Afghan Taliban command council based in Pakistan, and its leader, Mullah Mohammad Omar.
Nevertheless, other Pakistanis and Afghans familiar with the process insist all contacts have been limited to indirect message exchanges, using mediators who include former Taliban members. Those contacts were described as exploratory, with all sides trying to assess the other’s positions.
Most of those familiar with the contacts spoke on the condition of anonymity because the issue is sensitive.
Hamid Gul, the former head of Pakistan’s main intelligence service who has had longtime ties to the Taliban, told the Associated Press that the insurgents have laid down three preconditions for formal negotiations — a timetable for a NATO withdrawal, release of all Taliban prisoners and a deal to drop the terrorist label which the religious movement was given after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States.
Still, several Pakistanis and Afghans insist that CIA officials have held clandestine meetings with top Taliban leaders, some at the level of the Taliban’s shadow Cabinet ministers. At least two rounds of meetings were held in Pakistan’s Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province bordering Afghanistan, according to a former Taliban member who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of fears for his own safety.
He said the talks were held in the area between the towns of Peshawar and Mardan and included Qudratullah Jamal, the former Taliban information minister.
The CIA denied that any such meetings took place but could not say whether representatives of the U.S. government have met with the Taliban.
Last February, Mr. Karzai sent a small delegation of former Taliban members to Saudi Arabia to seek the kingdom’s help in kick-starting talks with the Taliban. But Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal said the kingdom would not get involved in peacemaking unless the Taliban sever all ties with Osama bin Laden and his al Qaeda terror network — a key U.S. demand.
Another complication facing any substantial peace negotiations is the role of Pakistan. Despite its role as a U.S. partner, Pakistan harbors Afghan Taliban members and nurtured the organization during the years before it seized control of the Afghan government in 1996.
The Afghans believed the Pakistanis agreed to the arrest to severe those contacts until they received assurances they would get what they wanted out of a peace deal.
“Very urgently the Pakistan government could do a lot if they wanted to,” said Arsala Rahmani, a former Taliban deputy education minister who now sits on the High Peace Council, which Mr. Karzai set up to negotiate peace with his armed opponents.
Another council member said the Pakistanis are withholding support for peace talks until receives guarantees that Indian influence in Afghanistan will be reduced and until it is assured that former Taliban members will be able to participate in the Afghan government. He spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.
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